The Ministry of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
The Board of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic was established on July 24, 1991 according to the Edict of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic – I.N. Smirnov. In 2000 it was reorganized into the Ministry of Justice.
M.I. Sidorov was the first head of the Board of Justice.
V.G. Korotenko was the head of the Board and the minister of justice between January 14, 1992 and June 11, 1993.
A.S. Alimpiev was the Acting Minister of Justice between June 11, 1993 and December 10, 1993.
A.M. Zenin was the Minester of Justice between December 10, 1993 and November 10, 1994.
U.S. Ovsiannikov was the Minister of Justice between November 10, 1994 and August 3, 2000.
V.A. Balala is the Minister of Justice at the present moment.
The Ministry of Justice is aimed at providing law-making activity of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and executive bodies, i.e. drawing up draft laws and statutes; making resolutions that draft laws and statutes conform to the Constitution of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic; making examinations of laws; systemizing the legislation; implementation of the system of legal advice with the view of protecting rights, liberties and interests of citizens of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.
Goals of the Ministry of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic:
1. implementation of a state policy in the field of justice;
2. ensuring rights and legal interests of a person and state;
3. providing law-making activity of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and executive bodies;
4. keeping an established order of activity of judicial bodies;
5. studying problems of judicial examination and satisfying requirements of judicial bodies and law-enforcement bodies;
6. ensuring execution of acts of courts and other bodies;
7. ensuring legal protection of the intellectual property;
8. registering juridical persons and facts;
9. administering the sphere of giving legal advice to the population (the bar, notaries, etc.)
10. ensuring activity of subordinate public inspectorate bodies;
11. ensuring execution of sentences.
The Ministry of Justice has the following functions:
1. implementation of a state policy in the field of justice, ensuring rights and legal interests of the person and state, providing law-making activity of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and executive bodies;
2. keeping an established order of functioning of courts and execution of court decisions;
3. carrying out judicial examination, rendering legal advice, registering juridical facts, commercial and non-commercial organizations;
4. ensuring legal protection of the intellectual property;
5. providing activity of subordinate public inspectorate bodies;
6. dealing with common problems of public inspectorate bodies in the fields of:
a) mining and engineering;
c) power supply:
f) veterinary medicine and sanitation;
h) standardization, metrology and certification;
i) execution of sentences.
The Structure of the Ministry of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic:
Governing body of the Ministry
The board of legal acts and systematization of the legislation
The board of judicial bodies, notaries and registration bodies, including the Republican archive and registry office
The personnel board
The board of circulation of papers
The economic board
II. Public inspectorate bodies
Public standardization, metrology and certification inspectorate (State Standard)
Public technical inspectorate
Public veterinary and sanitary inspectorate
Public transportation inspectorate
Public ecological inspectorate
Public insurance inspectorate
III. The office of judicial examination
IV. The Republican Agency of the intellectual property
V. Sate institutions subordinate to the Ministry of Justice:
Centre of standardization, metrology and certification
State certifying and examining centre of foodstuffs
State centre of certification and maintenance services
State metrological centre
Educational and methodical centre of public technical inspectorate
VI. Institutions and bodies, which functioning is provided by the Ministry of Justice:
Local notary offices
Local registry offices
Minister of Justice of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic – Balala Victor Alekseevich
He was born in 1960. In 1977 he started working at the printing-house and studying at the evening department of the institute of mechanics in Leningrad. He served in the forces of the Ministry of internal affairs of the USSR between 1978 and 1980. In 1980 he entered the Leningrad institute of mechanics and graduated from it in 1986. he worked at the design office in Voronezh and was elected the deputy of the Supreme Soviet of RSFSR (Russia).
In 1993 he was appointed the director of the executive board of the Union of Russian cities.
Between March 1994 and June 1994 he was at the head of the section on problems of organizing the state power bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation; and also public service of the Committee on Federation affairs and regional policy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
In 1994 he was appointed the adviser, the deputy head of the action department of the local Duma in Voronezh.
Between 1995 and 1997 he studied at the Russian Academy of the public service under the auspices of the President of the Russian Federation in Moscow. He was specialized in state building and law and he became a jurist.
In 1997 he was appointed the head of the State legal board in the Administration of the President and Government of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. He represented the President in the Supreme Soviet of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic. In 2000 he was appointed the minister of justice by the President’s Edict. He is a Counsellor of Justice of the second class. He was awarded a diploma of the President of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic and a medal “To the Participant of the peacemaking operation in Pridnestrovie”
Address: Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, Tiraspol, Lenin Street, 26